Canadian Coalition
for Nuclear
Responsibility






Regroupement pour
la surveillance
du nucléaire

URANIUM

A Discussion Guide


QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

by Dr. Gordon Edwards et al.



prepared for and published by
The National Film Board of Canada

to accompany the film "Uranium"
directed by Magnus Isacsson



. . . back to [ TABLE OF CONTENTS ]


PART FOUR


L. BIBLIOGRAPHY



L.1. Uranium Mining and the Environment

    British Columbia. Commissioner's Report: Royal Commission of Inquiry into Uranium Mining. Dr. D.V. Bates, Chairman. Vancouver, 1980.

    Newfoundland and Labrador. Brinex Kitts-Michelin Uranium Project: Report of the Environmental Assessment Board. St. John's, 1980.

    Ontario. Status Report: Water Pollution in the Serpent River Basin. Ministry of the Environment. Toronto, 1976.

    Ontario. Mining, Milling and Refining of Uranium in Ontario: Final Report. Select Committee on Ontario Hydro Affairs. Toronto, 1980.

    Ontario. The Expansion of the Uranium Mines in the Elliot Lake Area: Final Report. Environmental Assessment Board. Toronto, 1979.

    Sheard, J.W., S.M. Swanson and R.C. Godwin. Natural Uranium Series Radionuclides in the Upland Vegetation of Northern Saskatchewan and Adjacent Northwest Territories. Saskatchewan Research Council. Regina, 1988.

    United States. Generic Environmental Impact Statement on Uranium Milling. Two volumes. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Washington, D.C., 1980.

L.2. Uranium Industry and Regulation

    AECB. Decommissioning of Uranium Mines and Mills: Canadian Regulatory Approach and Experience. Atomic Energy Control Board. Ottawa, 1986.

    AECB. Proposed Regulations Respecting Uranium Mining: Consultative Document. Atomic Energy Control Board. Ottawa, January 4, 1984.

    Hayes, Denis, et al. Red Light for Yellowcake: The Case Against Uranium Mining. Friends of the Earth. Australia, 1977.

    Ehrensaft, Philip. Uranium and Canadian Industrial Development. Université du Quebec à Montreal (UQAM). Montreal, 1988.

    Gilinsky, Victor. NRC Regulation of the Uranium Milling Industry: Problems and Prospects. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Washington, D.C., 1978.

    McArthur, Doug. Surface Leases and Socio-economic Considerations with respect to Uranium Mining. In Bartlett, Richard, Mining Law In Canada. Saskatoon Continuing Education. Law Society of Saskatchewan, 1984.

    McKay, Paul. The less-than-holy Roman empire. Globe & Mail. Toronto, Sept. 4, 1988.

    McKay, Paul. Snow Job: Doing the Uranium Hustle in the NWT. This Magazine. V.23, n.2. July, 1989.

    OECD & IAEA. Uranium: Resources, Production and Demand. Organisation for Economic Cooperation & Development and International Atomic Energy Agency. Paris, 1988.

    Saskatchewan. Cluff Lake Board of Inquiry: Final Report. Regina, 1978.

L.3. Uranium Tailings

    AECB. Long Term Aspects of Uranium Tailings Management. Consultative Document C-l. Atomic Energy Control Board. Ottawa, 1981.

    Blundell, William E. Nuclear Mess: Uranium Mill Wastes Piled High in West Pose Cleanup Issues. Wall Street Journal. V.207, n.38. Feb. 25, 1986.

    CCNR. Findings on Uranium Tailings and Nuclear Waste Disposal. Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility. Montreal, 1980.

    Kalin, M. Long-term Ecological Behaviours of Abandoned Uranium Mill Tailings. Institute for Environmental Studies. University of Toronto. Toronto, 1984-88.

    Landa, Edward. Isolation of Uranium Mill Tailings and Their Component Radionuclides from the Biosphere - Some Earth Science Perspectives. Geological Survey Circular No. 814. U.S. Geological Survey. Arlington, 1980.

    Nuclear Energy Agency. Long Term Radiological Aspects of the Management of Wastes from Uranium Mining and Milling. OECD/NEA, 1984.

    Parker, G.H. and V.G. Tudorancea. Dispersal of Radionuclides from Abandoned Uranium Mill Tailings and Their Transference Through Terrestrial Food Chains: A Literature Review. Laurentian University. Sudbury, 1984.

    Torrie, Ralph D. Uranium Mine Tailings: What the Record Shows. Alternatives, v.10, n.2/3. Toronto, 1982.

L.4. Historical Background

    Babin, Ronald. The Nuclear Power Game. Black Rose Books. Montreal, 1985.

    Bothwell, Robert. Eldorado: Canada's National Uranium Company. University of Toronto Press. Toronto, 1984.

    Edwards, Gordon. The Myth of the Peaceful Atom. E. Regehr and S. Rosenblum, eds. In Canada and the Nuclear Arms Race. Lorimer & Sons. Toronto, 1983.

    Eggleston, Wilfrid. Canada's Nuclear Story. Clarke, Irwin & Co. Ltd. Toronto, 1965.

    Finch, Ron. Exporting Danger: A History of the Canadian Nuclear Energy Export Programme. Black Rose Books. Montreal, 1986.

    Gowing, Margaret. Independence and Deterrence. Vol. l: Policy Making. Vol. 2: Policy Execution. Macmillan. London, 1974.

    Gray, Earle. The Great Uranium Cartel. McClelland and Stewart. Toronto, 1982.

    Lermer, George. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited: The Crown Corporation as Strategists in an Entrepreneurial, Global-Scale Industry. Economic Council of Canada. Ottawa, 1987.

    Oskaboose, Gilbert. The Serpent's Egg. In Canadian Dimension; a Socialist Newsmagazine, v. 22, n. l. Dimension Publishing Inc. Winnipeg. February, 1988.

    Sanger, Penny. Blind Faith. McGraw-Hill & Ryerson. Toronto, 1981.

    Taylor, June H. and Michael D. Yokell. Yellowcake: The International Uranium Cartel. Pergamon Press. New York, 1979.

L.5. Health Hazards of Uranium Mining

    AECB. Risk Estimates for the Health Effects of Alpha Radiation. Duncan Thomas and Ian MacNeill. Atomic Energy Control Board. Ottawa, 1982.

    Alesich, Ingrid. Uranium Mining. In The Social Production of Disease in Canada. Stobbe, Mark, ed. New Star Books. Vancouver, 1985.

    Edwards, Gordon. Uranium: The Deadliest Metal. Perception. V.10, n.2. 1988.

    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. The Risk of Lung Cancer Among Underground Miners of Uranium Bearing Ore. Cincinnati, 1982.

    Ontario. Report of the Royal Commission on the Health and Safety of Workers in Mines. James M. Ham, Commissioner. Toronto, 1976.

    United Steelworkers of America. Public and Worker Health. Submission to the B.C. Royal Commission on Uranium Mining. Toronto, 1980.

    Weise, W.H., ed. Birth Defects in the Four Corners Area. Transcript of a Meeting at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. Albuquerque, 1981.

    Woollard, Robert F. and Eric R. Young. Health Dangers of the Nuclear Fuel Chain and Low-Level Ionizing Radiation: A Bibliography/Literature Review. British Columbia Medical Association. Vancouver, 1979.

    Woollard, R.F. and E.R. Young. The Health Dangers of Uranium Mining, and Jurisdictional Questions. British Columbia Medical Association. Vancouver, 1980.

L.6. Health Hazards of Atomic Radiation

    BEIR III. The Effects on Populations of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation. Committee on the Biological Effects of lonizing Radiation. National Academy of Sciences. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C., 1980.

    BEIR IV. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Radionuclides. Committee on the Biological Effects of lonizing Radiation. National Research Council. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C., 1988.

    BEIR V. Health Effect of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation. Committee on the Biological Effects of lonizing Radiation. National Research Council. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C., 1989.

    Bertell, Rosalie. Handbook for Estimating Health Effects from Exposure to lonizing Radiation (2nd ed.). Institute of Concern for Public Health. Buffalo, N.Y, 10/1986.

    Edwards, Gordon. Estimating Lung Cancers: or, It's Perfectly Safe, But Don't Breathe Too Deeply. Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility. Montreal, 1985.

    Gardner, M.J., M.P. Snee, A.J. Hall, C.A. Powell, S. Downes and J.D. Terrell. Results of case-control study of leukemia and lymphoma among young people near Sellafield nuclear plant in West Cumbria. Journal of the British Medical Association. V.300. Feb. l7, 1990.

    Gofman, John W. Radiation and Human Health. Sierra Club. San Francisco, 1981.

    Henshaw, D.L., J.P. Eatough and R.B. Richardson. Radon as a causative factor in induction of myeloid leukaemia and other cancers. The Lancet. N.335. April 28, 1990.

    Lyman, G. H., C.G. Lyman and W. Johnson. Association of Leukemia with Radium Groundwater Contamination. Journal of American Medical Association. V.254, n.5. Aug. 2, 1985.

    Martland, Harrison S. The Occurrence of Malignancy in Radioactive Persons. American Journal of Cancer. V.15, n.4. October, 1931.

    Stannard, J. Newell. Radioactivity and Health: A History. National Technical Information Service. Springfield, Virginia, 1988.

    UNSCEAR. Sources, Effects and Risks of lonizing Radiation. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. United Nations. New York, 1988.

L.7. Uranium and Nuclear Weapons

    Del Tredici, Robert. At Work in the Fields of the Bomb. Douglas & McIntyre. Vancouver, 1987.

    Edwards, Gordon. Fuelling the Arms Race: Canada's Nuclear Trade. Ploughshares Monitor, v. 6, n. 2. Waterloo. June, 1985.

    Kistiakowski, G., et al. The Peaceful Atom Goes to War. Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility. Montreal, 1978.

    Lovins, Amory B. and L. Hunter Lovins. Energy / War: Breaking the Nuclear Link. Friends of the Earth. San Francisco, 1980.

    McKay, Paul. Adding Fuel to the Fire. This Magazine. V21, n.8. 1988.

    Robinson, A. Preventing Nuclear Weapons Proliferation: A Positive Factor for Peace. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. Ottawa, 1982.

    Weissman, S. and H. Krosney. The Islamic Bomb. Times Books. New York, 1981.

L.8. The Nuclear Option

    Bertell, Rosalie. No Immediate Danger? Prognosis for a Radioactive Earth. The Women's Press. Toronto, 1985.

    Canada. Nuclear Policy Review: Background Papers. Energy, Mines & Resources. Ottawa, 1982.

    CCNR. Time to Stop and Think. Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility. Montreal, 1977.

    Edwards, Gordon. Cost Disadvantages of Expanding the Nuclear Power Industry. Canadian Business Review, v. 9, n. 1. Ottawa, 1982.

    Edwards, Gordon. Canada's Nuclear Dilemma. Journal of Business Administration, v. 13, n. 1&2, pp. 217-263. University of British Columbia. Vancouver, 1982.

    Metzger, H. Peter. The Atomic Establishment. Simon and Shuster. New York, 1972.

    Ontario. A Race Against Time: Interim Report on Nuclear Power. Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning. Toronto, 1978.

    Ontario. The Safety of Ontario's Nuclear Reactors: Final Report. Select Committee on Ontario Hydro Affairs. Toronto, 1980.

    Patterson, Waiter C. Nuclear Power. Penguin. Harmondsworth, 1983.

    United Kingdom. Nuclear Power and the Environment. Sixth Report, U.K. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. Chairman: Sir Brian Flowers. HMSO. London, 1976.

L.9. Plutonium and High Level Nuclear Waste

    AECL. Seminar: Proposed Canadian Fuel Cycle Program. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. Chalk River. 1977. [Available from CCNR.]

    Ayres, Russell W. Policing Plutonium: The Civil Liberties Fallout. Harvard Civil Rights and Civil Liberties. Law Review, v. 10, pp. 369-443. Spring, 1975.

    Bredehoeft, J.D, et al. Geological Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Wastes: Earth-Science Perspectives. U.S. Geological Survey. Arlington, 1978.

    California Energy Resources Development and Conservation Commission. Status of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing, Spent Fuel Storage, and High-Level Waste Disposal: Overview and Summary. Sacramento, 1978.

    Canada. The Mangement of Canada's Nuclear Wastes. Aikin, A.M., J.M. Harrison and FK. Hare. Energy, Mines and Resources. Ottawa, 1977.

    Edwards, Gordon. Nuclear Wastes: What, Me Worry? Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility. Montreal, 1978.

    House of Commons. High Level Radioactive Waste in Canada: The Eleventh Hour. Standing Committee on the Environment and Forestry. Ottawa, 1988.

    Uffen, Robert J. Let's Go Slowly on a Nuclear Power Program Until We've Solved Waste Problems. Science Forum, n. 10. Ottawa, October 1977.

L.10. Non-Nuclear Energy Alternatives

    Brooks, D.B. Zero Energy Growth for Canada. McClelland and Stewart. Toronto, 1981.

    CEN. 2025: Soft Energy Futures for Canada - 1988 Update. Prepared by Canadian Environmental Network Energy Caucus for Energy, Mines & Resources. Ottawa, 1988.

    FOE. 2025: Soft Energy Futures for Canada: National Report. Prepared by Friends of the Earth Canada for Energy, Mines and Resources. Ottawa, 1983.

    Lajambe, Hélène. Energy Autonomy for Quebec from an Ecological Perspective. Hélio-Québec. St. Bruno, 1979.

    Lovins, A.B. Soft Energy Paths: Toward a Durable Peace. Ballinger. Cambridge, 1977.

    Robinson, J. et al. Canadian Energy Futures: Alternative Energy Scenarios 1974-2025. Workgroup on Canadian Energy Policy. York University. Downsview, 1977.

    Science Council of Canada. Canada as a Conserver Society: Resource Uncertainties and the Need for New Technologies. Report n. 27. Ottawa, 1977.

    Solar Energy Research Institute. A New Prosperity: Toward a Sustainable Energy Future; Final Report. Brick House. Andover, Mass., 1981.

    Stobaugh, R. and D. Yergin, eds. Energy Future: Report of the Harvard Business School Task Force on Energy. Random House. New York, 1979.

L.11. Uranium and Public Policy

    Bayda, Edward. The Adequacy of the Public Inquiry Process. Saskatchewan Law Review. 45:1, pp.3-12. 1980 -81.

    Harding, Bill. Uranium Mining in Northern Saskatchewan: Correspondence With the Premier. Regina Group for a Non-nuclear Society. Regina,1979.

    Harding, Jim. A Content Analysis of Attitudes Towards Uranium Mining Expressed in the Local Hearings of the Cluff Lake Board of Inquiry. In Impact Assessment: Development of Natural Resources. Impact Assessment Bulletin, v. 4, n. 1-2, pp. 189-209. 1986.

    Harding, Jim. Rethinking The Administration of Justice: Due Process in Saskatchewan's Uranium Inquiries. In Currie, Dawn and Brian McLean, eds. The Administration of Justice. Garamond. 1990.

    Harding, Jim and Beryl Forgay. Bibliography on Saskatchewan Inquiries and the Northern and Global Impact of the Uranium industries. Prairie Justice Research, University of Regina. Regina, 1988.

    Harding, Jim and Beryl Forgay. Ten Years After: Follow-up Study of Participants in the Uranium Inquiries. Prairie Justice Research, University of Regina. Regina, 1990.

    Rowe, Stan. The Final Report of the Cluff Lake Board of Inquiry: Environmental Issues. Musk-Ox, n. 24, pp. 10-24. 1979.

    Salter, Liora and Debra Slaco. Public Inquiries in Canada. Science Council of Canada. 1981.

L.12. Uranium Mining & Aboriginal Land Title / Rights.













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